Identifying the Church of Christ According to the New Testament

Key Scriptures:  Acts 2:40-42, Acts 9:1-2


  • Being in the predicament of explaining to someone what something is
  • Explaining something to someone who does not know what it is
  • Knowing what it is but not knowing how to explain it
  • Knowing the difference between two things (Things after his kind – Gen 1:11-12, 20-25; Lev 11:1-3,7)

Both the pig and the cow are animals but are not the same.

Point: Similarity does not prove identity.

Acts 2:47

Praising God and having favor with all the people, and the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.

What people say:

  • One church is as good as another one
  • A church is a church. All are the same.

Every church you see is not the church of the New Testament. (Again, both the pig and the cow are animals but are not the same.)

Identifying the church of Christ

According to the New Testament (and not according to what people say)

  • New Testament – where you find what to look for

Matthew 16:13-19 “I’m going to build My church.”

Acts 2:47 “…and the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.”

Acts 9:1-2 “…this Way”

  • Different from everybody else
  • Something they were doing or practicing that nobody else was doing
  • Paul was not looking for a denomination (Baptist, Methodist, Catholic)

Challenge: Find a duplication of the church found in the New Testament in the world today.


Def. Gk. ekklesia – the called-out ones (into the kingdom of God)

  • Called by the Gospel
  • God didn’t call anybody apart from His Word

Declarations about the church

  1. Right person to build it: Christ


2 Samuel 7:12-17 

Hebrews 1:5-8 

  1. Right place from where it started: Jerusalem


Isaiah 2:2-4, Zechariah 1:16-17

  • The last days/The third and last dispensation: from Christ down the line (where we are); starting from the first Pentecost after Christ’s resurrection
  • A spiritual church vs a feel-good church
  • If your church started in America, it is NOT the church

ex. church of God in Christ – started in Memphis

      Baptist church – started in Providence, Rhode Island

      Methodist church – started in England

      Mormon church – started in Salt Lake City, Utah

  1. Right period 


Galatians 4:4 – time frame this church started “in the fullness of time”

Daniel 2:44 – “in the days of these kings” – the Roman kingdom

  1. Right Pentecost


Acts 2:1-21

  • AD 33 in Jerusalem – Pentecost after the resurrection of Christ
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